If the ovarian cyst is benign, the surgical intervention will be performed by laparoscopy, because it is a minimally invasive surgical technique that allows the patient to be operated on by making small incisions and without having to open the abdomen.
The gynecologist oncologist Doctor Lucas Minig is a specialist in Treatment of cysts, ovarian cyst operation in Spain with current headquarters in Valencia.
What does Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy consist of?
It consists of removing ovarian cysts through a mini-invasive Laparoscopic surgery or Robotic surgery.
Ovarian cysts are cavities that occur within the ovarian tissue and that vary in content and can be liquid, solid or mixed.
In addition, they can vary in size from a few millimeters to 20 or 30 centimeters. They can also vary in their nature: they can be benign cysts or malignant cysts.
How is a Laparoscopic Cystectomy performed?
Procedure to perform a Laparoscopic Cystectomy
Today, for those women who need surgical treatment for an ovarian cyst, we can perform the treatment using minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery in almost 100% of cases…
It is done through small 5 – 7 mm incisions, rather than one large incision. Through the navel incision, a camera is inserted that allows the image to be projected on an external monitor. In addition, 2-3 more incisions are made, below the pelvis, of 5 mm through which the laparoscopic instruments are inserted to perform the intervention
Once the cyst has been removed from the ovary, it is placed in a previously introduced bag, and it is removed from the body through the umbilical orifice. In this way, the risk of dissemination is minimized in the event that the cyst is of malignant origin, and the aesthetic impact is reduced since no additional incisions are made to remove the cyst.
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What are the indications to perform a Laparoscopic Cystectomy?
The indication to perform a cystectomy depends on several factors:
How long does it take to perform a Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy?
The duration of a Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy usually varies depending on the size of the cyst to be removed. In general terms, the average time is usually 30 – 60 minutes, also depending on the presence of adhesions of the cyst to neighboring organs.
In all cases, patients require general anesthesia to perform this procedure.
Is there a non-surgical treatment for Ovarian Cysts?
For those women with functional (hormonal) ovarian cysts, the most recommended is to wait for 2-3 menstrual cycles for spontaneous resolution, which occurs in the vast majority of cases.
Hormonal treatments with oral contraceptives or progesterone have not been shown to increase the chance of the resolution of functional or hormonal ovarian cysts.
In certain highly selected cases, the possibility of vaginal drainage (or emptying of the cyst) may be considered.
In these cases, there should be no type of suspicion of malignancy of the cyst and a high risk of the cyst forming again must be considered
How long do I have to stay in the hospital after a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy?
Typically, in the absence of postoperative complications, the hospitalization time is usually one day. In some cases, however, patients can be discharged on the same day after surgery.
During admission, all patients will be seen by Dr. Minig to monitor their recovery until hospital discharge.
Is movement restriction necessary after Cystectomy surgery?
Nowadays, there is no scientific evidence that the restriction of movement after a Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy increases the possibility of postoperative complications.
In this way, patients can go back to their daily activities and the usual movements that they made prior to surgery progressively, as often as the pain allows.
Advantages of Ovarian Cystectomy:
Some of the advantages of performing a Laparoscopic Cystectomy surgery are:
It is not recommended for large cysts or those with suspicion of malignancy. Not all professionals are trained to perform it and must go to centers and professionals trained and experienced in minimally invasive surgery.
An advantage of the laparoscopic cystectomy treatment process compared to laparotomic cystectomy using a conventional scar is that it has a very quick recovery due to the minimum of abdominal incisions
What happens after a Laparoscopic Cystectomy?
Following a cystectomy, most women experience relief from bothersome signs and symptoms, such as pelvic pain and pressure.
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How to care for surgical wounds after surgery?
The testimony of Rocío operated on Laparoscopic Cystectomy.
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Book an appointment online to perform the treatment by laparoscopic cystectomy in Valencia, if you are a foreign resident (outside of Spain) you can contact the expert in Hysterectomy Lucas Minig through the following link:
Frequently Asked Questions About Laparoscopic Cystectomy
What type of anesthesia is used for a Cystectomy?
General anesthesia is used for laparoscopic cystectomy and generally for abdominal cystectomy; it is also sometimes used for hysteroscopic cystectomy.
Use of the Laparoscope
How is the postoperative period of a Cystectomy?
What exercises can I do after a Cystectomy?
In general, it is advised to rest for approximately 1 month after surgery with Doctor Lucas Minig for Laparoscopic Cystectomy, the patient will be able to walk on flat ground without problem, however, it is not advisable to perform exercises such as abdominal exercises or exercises that increase the abdominal pressure to avoid navel problems.
How to deflate the belly after a laparoscopy?
Eat slowly, chewing food correctly. Avoid foods that cause flatulence (dairy products, legumes, broccoli, cauliflower…). Walk from time to time so that the gases disappear
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