What does a genital prolapse mean?
It occurs when the womb (uterus), and / or bladder, and / or rectum descent and cause pressure on the vaginal area.
Why do I have uterine and / or genital prolapse?
The muscles, ligaments and other structures support these organs in the pelvis. If these tissues are weak, the organs descent into the birth canal, which is called prolapse.
This condition is more common in women who have had one or more vaginal births.
Other factors that can cause or lead to uterine prolapse include:
- Lack of estrogen after menopause
- Conditions that cause pressure on the pelvic muscles, such as chronic cough, constipation and obesity
- Pelvic tumor (uncommon)
- Pressure or heaviness in the pelvis or vagina
- Problems with sex
- Urine leakage or sudden urge to urinate
- Protrusion of the uterus and cervix towards the vagina
- Repetitive bladder infections
- Vaginal bleeding
- Increased vaginal discharge
The symptoms are worse when you sit or stand for a long time. Exercising or lifting things can also make the symptoms worse.
The doctor will do a pelvic exam. You will be asked to bid as if you were trying to expel a baby. This shows how much the uterus or other pelvic organs are affected.
- Uterine prolapse is mild when the cervix goes down to the bottom of the vagina.
- Uterine prolapse is moderate when the cervix goes down outside the vaginal opening.
- The bladder and the anterior vaginal wall are protruding into the vagina (cystocele)
- The rectum and the posterior wall of the vagina (rectocele) are protruding into the vagina.
- The urethra and bladder are lower in the pelvis than normal.