Anticoncepción

Contraception

The choice of the best contraceptive method is a process that requires the assessment of different aspects:

  • Individual preferences and expectations of each patient
  • Possible side effects of the method
  • The possibility of ensuring compliance of each method
  • The age, health status, as well as any medical condition
  • How often you have sex
  • The option of having children later
  • If it helps protect against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • If the method offers other health benefits in addition to the contraceptive

 

Emergency oral contraception is a method that should be used on exceptional occasions such as:

  • Violation/Rape
  • When it is believed that the method used routinely has not worked (for example: condom rupture)
  • Unprotected sex

 

Emergency oral contraception should be used as soon as possible after unprotected intercourse, but ideally it should not take more than 24-48 hours. After this time, the effectiveness decreases considerably. The main mechanism of action is the inhibition of ovulation. Due to the high hormonal load of the pills, it can cause some adverse effects such as:

  • Pain and abdominal cramps
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness

Los diferentes métodos anticonceptivos se clasifican de la siguiente manera:

Natural:

Cervical mucus technique

Basal temperature method

Method of amenorrhea for lactation

 

Barrier:

Condoms

Vaginal ring

Diaphragm

 

Hormonal contraceptives:

Oral contraceptives

Dermal patches

Subdermal implants

Intrauterine devices (IUD): copper and hormonal (MIRENA®)

Tubal ligation

Preguntas frecuentes

WhatsApp

START TYPING AND PRESS ENTER TO SEARCH