What is gynecological cancer?
Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that starts in a woman’s reproductive organs. These types of cancer are identified depending on the part of the body where they first occur. Gynecological cancers originate in different reproductive organs located in the pelvic area, that is, the area below the stomach and between the hips.
It is possible to reduce the risk by avoiding estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy, maintaining a healthy weight, doing daily physical exercise, and a thorough check-up by your gynecologist in case of family history, risk factors, taking tamoxifen, or any genital bleeding.
Types of gynecological cancer
- Cervical cancer starts in the cervix, which is the lowest and narrowest part of the organ. (The uterus is also known as the womb.)
- Ovarian cancer starts in the ovaries, located one on each side of the uterus.
- Uterine cancer is created in the uterus, an organ located in the pelvic area, where the baby develops when a woman is pregnant.
- Cancer of the vagina, the hollow canal located between the lower part of the uterus and the outside of the body.
- Vulvar cancer starts in the vulva, the outer part of the female genital organs.
Of all gynecologic cancers, only cervical cancer has screening tests that can identify this cancer early, when treatment may be most effective. Because there is no simple, reliable way to screen for gynecologic cancers other than cervical cancer, it’s especially important to recognize the warning signs and learn what you can do to reduce your risk.
What are the symptoms of gynecological cancer?
Frequent or urgent need to urinate and/or constipation are common in ovarian and vaginal cancers. Itching, burning, pain, or tenderness of the vulva and changes in the color or skin of the vulva, such as a rash, ulcers, or warts, are common only in vulvar cancer.
What causes gynecological cancer?
What are the risk factors for gynecologic cancer? Cervical cancer. – HPV or human papilloma virus. – Being a smoker.
The comprehensive care on which we work means that we also collaborate in synchrony with associations of patients affected by gynecological cancer, such as the Association of Women Affected by Ovarian Cancer or “Asociación de Afectadas por Cáncer de Ovario” (ASACO).
In addition, we collaborate intensely in social dissemination campaigns for gynecological cancer aimed at giving voice to gynecological cancer and raising awareness among the population
Social and psychological help for women with cancer
Many of the diseases that people currently suffer from are, in reality, a combination of both organic problems and imbalances of the mind and emotions. Traditional medical treatments seek to solve problems from the organic perspective itself, having generated significant advances in recent years. However, a comprehensive conception of people with different diseases would have to include, for example, the control of the emotions and energies of the body.
It is an ancient Japanese technique that unblocks and rebalances energy, finding the underlying cause of the origin of an illness. In addition, it lowers levels of anxiety, grief, fear, insecurity, loneliness, panic, etc. It progressively raises the internal vital energy, producing a cellular rearrangement and the immune system (body’s defenses), and affects the natural improvement of the patient. It consists of three phases: short-term palliative effect upon reaching a state of deep relaxation and well-being; change in behavior patterns when feeling good about oneself and happy; definitive disappearance of the symptom or disease when the unblocking completely disappears.
It is one of the ideal complements to traditional medical treatments for some diseases suffered by women such as cancer, endometriosis, chronic pelvic pain, or certain pregnancy disorders.
Meeting with people who have the same type of illness and sharing experiences and feelings can be helpful. They usually generate weekly or monthly meetings that can be held in person or, currently, online through videoconferences. Likewise, an increased number of people now subscribe to forums or social networks to write and mutually share their daily experiences with their disease.
Staying active during and after treatment is also essential. Physical activity releases hormones (endorphins) that improve mood and reduce the feeling of physical fatigue.
The use of complementary treatments such as homeopathy, yoga, Tai-Chi, or others represents other very important strategies. They usually help patients to control moments of anxiety, find the reason for their existence and face the disease with greater integrity.