Quistes de ovario

Ovarian cysts

What are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts are formations that usually have a liquid content, and can rarely have solid structures inside. They are more frequent in women up to 40-45 years of age and the vast majority usually remit spontaneously without giving symptoms. However, in rare cases they may be large enough to give symptoms and require specific treatment.

Quiste de ovario

What symptoms can ovarian cysts cause?

    • Non-specific pelvic pain
    • Chronic pelvic pain
    • Abdominal distension
    • Urgency to urinate or defecate

     

    How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?

    The diagnosis of ovarian cysts is made by physical examination and a gynecological ultrasound. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is usually useful only in selected cases to determine the content more precisely and to determine some additional characteristics.

     

    How are ovarian cysts treated?

    Ovarian cysts are usually physiological so they do not commonly require any type of treatment. They usually disappear spontaneously after a few months. However, if they are large, cause symptoms, or have certain ultrasound features, the cysts should be surgically removed.

     

    Can ovarian cysts be treated without surgery?

    When there are criteria for the treatment of ovarian cysts, there is currently no medication that causes reabsorption of ovarian cysts. Certain drugs such as oral contraceptives are beneficial to prevent new cysts, but not to make the cysts disappear.

     

    Surgical procedures

    Surgical procedures to resolve an ovarian cyst include:

    • Ovarian cystectomy: extraction of the ovarian cyst, while preserving the ovary.
    • Anexectomy: involves the removal of one or both ovaries and tubes (uterine adnexa).

     

    Surgical treatment

    There are 2 ways to perform a cystectomy / adnexectomy:

    • Laparoscopic mini-invasive surgery: To date, almost 100% of ovarian cysts that require surgical treatment, we operate by using laparoscopic mini-invasive surgery.
    • Traditional or open surgery: it is done by means of an abdominal incision. Depending on the size of the cyst and the previous suspicion regarding its benign or malignant origin, the incision may be horizontal or vertical.

Quistes de ovario

Frequent questions

What symptoms can ovarian cysts cause?

  • Non-specific pelvic pain
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Abdominal distension
  • Urgency to urinate or defecate

How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?

The diagnosis of ovarian cysts is made by physical examination and a gynecological ultrasound. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is usually useful only in selected cases to determine the content more precisely and determine some additional characteristics.

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